A geopolitical divorce in the uranium enrichment and nuclear fuel industry is on the horizon, highlighting America's reliance on Russian nuclear imports. Russia's state-owned champion, Rosatom, dominates the industry, giving Moscow leverage over critical infrastructure abroad. Nuclear reactor exports have become a key channel in Russia's foreign influence strategy, while leading US small-modular reactor companies require uranium that is only commercially available from Russia. Efforts are being made to secure the nuclear fuel supply chain and address the energy security implications of growing Russian and Chinese influence over Kazakhstan's uranium industry.
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